People of African descent in Montgomery had been laboring to address public conveyance issues for nearly two decades.  A master mind devised a strategy and recruited a young Negro attorney and Rosa Parks to assist her in addressing the bus situation.  E. D. Nixon accidentally learned of the arrest of Parks, Thursday evening, December 1, and posted her bail.  His unexpected involvement brought a dimension to the planned affair not anticipated by the master mind. 
Nixon’s presence precipitated numerous fresh turns of events between Thursday evening’s arrest and Friday morning; however, the master mind maintained control and kept Nixon on the fringes. On Saturday,
December 3, the master mind engineered the election of young pastor, Martin Luther King, Jr., to be the president of a new local organization that was to be formed.  The master mind was a member of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church.  As president of the MIA, King the philosopher unveiled a dynamic, new philosophical model that kept Negroes inspired for over a year.  He rose to universal fame while the master mind, whose identity was concealed from the oppressor because of safety concerns, guided things quietly from behind the scenes
without public recognition.  The master mind was a woman.